Gender Differences and Family Reunion in the European Union: Implications for Refugees

Eleonore Kofman, Rosemary Sales


The feminization of immigration flows
into Europe, both through family reunion
and the independent migration of
women, has been one of the most significant
social changes of the past two decades.
This development has, however,
remained largely unexplored. This paper
examines the consequences of
changes in access to family reunion, and
its gendered implications for women
entering as family migrants and as applicants
to sponsor family members. It
calls for a positive evaluation of immigration
policy aimed at securing rights
as weIl as controlling immigration

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