Location Security and Environmental-Induced Displacement: a Case Study of the Riverine Islands in Bangladesh
Keywords:Bangladesh, riverine islands, char dwellers, environmentally induced displacement, location security, sustainable livelihoods, resilience, vulnerability
This article introduces the concept of ‘location security’ to describe the specific relationship between place, environmental and human security. It argues that ‘location security’ is determined by a location’s resilience to risk, understood in terms of the degree to which a specific region is protected by virtue of geographical endowments and has sufficient infrastructure to withstand and recover from the effects of environmental hazards and ensure that rights are protected. To illustrate the concept of location security, this article uses the sustainable livelihoods framework to explore actual and anticipated environmental pressures that affect the river deltas of Bangladesh, and examines the adaptation responses developed by the inhabitants of the riverine islands. A central finding of this article is that flexible migration and localised coping strategies based on acute knowledge of their local ecological and geological systems, enables the char dwellers to reduce their vulnerability. In this setting, human and environmental factors when harnessed may enhance agency to mitigate hazards.
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Copyright (c) 2014 Brad K. Blitz
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