The Development of the Asylum Law and Refugee Protection Regimes in Portugal, 1975–2017

Authors

  • Lúcio Sousa Universidade AbertaCentro de Estudos das Migrações e das Relações Interculturais / Centre for Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations, Portugal http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8619-8673
  • Paulo M. Costa Universidade AbertaCentro de Estudos das Migrações e das Relações Interculturais / Centre for Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations, Portugal http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0862-1429

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7202/1055574ar

Keywords:

Portugal, asylum law, refugee policy, refugees, refugee protection, integration

Abstract

This article examines the development of the legislation on asylum law and refugee policies in Portugal. The assessment begins in 1975, the year when democracy was re-established in the country, following the 1974 Carnation Revolution, and ends in 2015, the year the European asylum crisis started. We want to discuss whether, during this period, the policies established indicate an open regime, with an integrationist perspective, or whether they proclaim a closed regime with an exclusivist position; in other words, whether the asylum system promoted an active policy of receiving and integrating refugees, or whether the policies pursued intended to limit the access of refugees to the borders of the state. In order to understand these developments, we analyze asylum application figures and asylum laws, trying to understand the main circumstantial contexts that influence them, namely Portugal’s integration in the European Union.

Author Biographies

Lúcio Sousa, Universidade AbertaCentro de Estudos das Migrações e das Relações Interculturais / Centre for Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations, Portugal

Lúcio Sousa is an assistant professor at Universidade Aberta, Portugal, and a researcher at the Centre for Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations (CEMRI) and the Institute for Studies of Literature and Tradition (IELT). lucio.sousa@uab.pt

 

 

Paulo M. Costa, Universidade AbertaCentro de Estudos das Migrações e das Relações Interculturais / Centre for Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations, Portugal

Paulo Manuel Costa is an assistant professor at Universidade Aberta, Portugal, and a researcher at the Centre for Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations (CEMRI). pmcosta@uab.pt

Published

2018-12-10

How to Cite

Sousa, L., & Costa, P. M. (2018). The Development of the Asylum Law and Refugee Protection Regimes in Portugal, 1975–2017. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 34(2), 28–37. https://doi.org/10.7202/1055574ar