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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The manuscript is original, has not been formally published in any other peer-reviewed journal or in a book or edited collection, in whole or in part, in its present, or substantially present form, and is currently not under consideration for any such publication.
  • The manuscript has not been previously submitted for consideration with Refuge. If it has been previously submitted, please explain what changes have been made and when it was first submitted (include your article ID if possible) in a separate file to the editors.
  • The submission conforms with standard academic honesty practices and has been checked for plagiarism by the authors. This includes any potential instances of self-plagiarism or text recycling. Self-citations should be kept to a minimum, and citation of any of the authors’ published work must be done in the third person. Refuge reserves the right to refuse contributions that do not comply with academic honesty and standard citation practices.
  • The submission has been fully anonymized. There is no biographical information about the author(s) in the file that contains the main text. Any references to the author(s) work(s) in the bibliography (the list of references) has been anonymized. Any identifying information in the main text has also been removed (i.e. in Word under "file," "properties," and "summary," the author's field is blank).
  • The main text does not exceed 7, 500 words (plus references and abstract) and is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses). A headings system is used to separate and classify paper sections. Headings are hierarchical and were created using styles.
  • All empirical papers which contain work involving human subjects or secondary data about them have been approved by either a university research ethics board (REB) or the institutional equivalent in the case of an NGO or international organization. An explanatory note must be included in the submission.
  • Placement of all illustrations, figures, graphs and tables follows APA recommendations. Authors have ensured that all of these elements, including any use of colour, can be read by users who may read Refuge using a variety of modalities, such as screen readers and other assistive technologies.
  • All references in the submission are in keeping with the accessible APA Style Guide with bibliography and minimal use of footnotes (or, where applicable, the Canadian Guide to Legal Citation).
  • All electronically available references (e.g. digital journal articles or government websites) include valid links (URLs) or permanent digital identifiers (DOIs). Formatting follows accessible APA style.
  • Submission contain a brief abstract (100 w. max.), keywords, bibliographic statement (for all authors - in a separate file) and ORCID iD, if available.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or equivalent editable file format (no PDF).

Author Guidelines

Thank you for your interest in submitting your manuscript to Refuge: Canada's Journal on Refugees. Refuge accepts original articles that are not under consideration by another publication at the time of submission.

Refuge follows COPE's (the Committee on Publication Ethics) publication standards and authorship guidelines.

Refuge will not publish plagiarized material. We reserve the right to verify, refuse and retract materials that are found to contain plagiarism. We use iThenticate to help us with that.

Peer Review Process

Refuge publishes high-quality, original, empirical and theoretical research. Refuge takes care to publish only those manuscripts deemed acceptable through double-anonymous peer review.  Submission of a manuscript to Refuge does not mean that it will be published.

All submissions are first subject to an initial review for quality and thematic fit, undertaken by the journal’s editorial team, in consultation with individual editorial board members, where necessary. If found suitable for further consideration, the editorial team then identifies at least three experts in the field to undertake a double-anonymous peer review of the manuscript, ideally three.  Double-anonymous means that neither the authors nor the peer reviewers know each others’ identities.

The average length of time for the initial review by the editorial team is one to two months from the date of submission. The average length of time for peer review is six weeks per reviewer in addition to the time needed to secure peer reviewers.  In cases where one peer reviewer rejects a manuscript, Refuge may consult an additional peer reviewer, extending the process. The average peer review process takes between four to eight months. Delays may occur in the process depending on the volume of new articles that are being received, the order in which they are received, the ease of finding a willing peer reviewer and our publication schedule.  

Accuracy of Citations

  • Authors are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of all citations.

Reference Style

  • It is the authors' responsibility to carefully check and keep to the reference style of Refuge. For social science papers, Refuge adheres to the American Psychological Association (APA 7th edition), with minimal use of footnotes and a separate reference list.
  • Papers in the legal discipline may choose to use either the APA Style Guide (which references the Blue Book) or the Canadian Guide to Legal Citation.
  • For all questions relating to APA formatting please refer to Purdue Owl guide for instructions and examples.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in the Refuge website shall be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.