Manufacturing “Terrorists”: Refugees, National Security, and Canadian Law

Sharryn J. Aiken


In the first part of a two-part article, the author critically
evaluates the anti-terrorism provisions of Canada’s Immigration
Act. The impact of these provisions on refugees is
the focus of the essay, but her observations are relevant to
the situation of other categories of non-citizens as well. The
inquiry begins by considering international efforts to
address “terrorism,” the relevance of international humanitarian
law to an assessment of acts of “terror,” and the
nature of contemporary discourse on “terrorism.” Next, the
evolution of the current admissibility provisions in Canadian
immigration law, with particular reference to refugee
policy and national security, is reviewed. A brief discussion
of current policy directions concludes part 1.

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