Struggling for Legal Status: Mainland Chinese Mobilization in Canada


  • Tian Guang
  • Lu Jin



legal status, Chinese immigrants, policy, Canada, IRB, Mainland Chinese rejected refugee, collective behaviour theory, fear


Between the end of 1993 and the spring of 1994, about 5000 Mainland Chinese rejected refugee (MCR) claimants mobilized themselves in Canada to lobby the Canadian government to make a special policy for them so that they could be considered for landed immigration status. The mobilization, launched by the Mainland Chinese Refugee Organization (MCRO), won wide sympathy and support from the Chinese community and mainstream society in Canada. The MCRs stated their goals and demands through Chinese ethnic media and mainstream media, started a dialogue with the Canadian government and even staged a protest in front of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. On July 7,1994, the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration Canada issued a policy, known as the Deferred Removal Orders Class (DROC) program, designed for claimants in similar situations. In this paper, we examine the process of the movement, analyze its features, and discuss its effects on the Chinese diaspora community in Canada. The movement emerged out of the 'fear" of a group of Chinese claimants, caused by the threat of being deported from Canada. The success of the movement was based on the mobilization of ethnic and social resources by the MCRO.


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How to Cite

Guang, T., & Jin, L. (1996). Struggling for Legal Status: Mainland Chinese Mobilization in Canada. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 15(1), 26–36.

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