Crisis, What Crisis? Immigrants, Refugees, and Invisible Struggles


  • Anna Carastathis Feminist Researchers Across Borders
  • Aila Spathopoulou Kings College University, London
  • Myrto Tsilimpounidi Institute of Sociology, Slovak Academy of Sciences



Greece, Europe, refugee crisis, hotspots, economic crisis, intersectionality, methodology


Different evocations of “crisis” create distinct categories that in turn evoke certain social reactions. After 2008 Greece became the epicentre of the “financial crisis”; since 2015 with the advent of the “refugee crisis,” it became the “hotspot of Europe.” What are the different vocabularies of crisis? Moreover, how have both representations of crisis-facilitated humanitarian crises to become phenomena for European and transnational institutional management? What are the hegemonically-constructed subjects of the different crises? The everyday reality in the crisis-ridden hotspot of Europe is invisible in these representations. It is precisely the daily, soft, lived, and unspoken realities of intersecting crises that hegemonic discourses of successive, overlapping, or “nesting crises” render invisible. By shifting the focus from who belongs to which state-devised category to an open-ended, polyvocal account of capitalist oppressions, we aim to question the state’s and supranational efforts to divide the “migrant mob” into discrete juridical categories of citizens (emigrants), refugees, and illegal immigrants, thereby undermining coalitional struggles between precaritised groups. 

Author Biography

Anna Carastathis, Feminist Researchers Across Borders

Research Collaborator



How to Cite

Carastathis, A., Spathopoulou, A., & Tsilimpounidi, M. (2018). Crisis, What Crisis? Immigrants, Refugees, and Invisible Struggles. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 34(1), 29–38.