Multiple Encounters: Queer Migrants and Bureaucratic Violence




asylum, queer, migrants, violence, bureaucracy


In this paper, we analyze the multiple encounters queer asylum seekers face due to violence embedded in border control and asylum recognition processes. This analysis is based on the reconstitution of two narratives that form part of an ethnographic study, the result of five years of fieldwork with queer migrants in Brazil and Spain. We employ the notion of bureaucratic violence to understand the ambiguities between control and protection in the emergence of the LGBTI refugee as a subject of rights in the humanitarian realm.


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Author Biographies

Isadora Lins França, University of Campinas

Isadora Lins França is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Campinas, Brazil. She can be reached at

Bruno Nzinga Ribeiro, University of Campinas

Bruno Nzinga Ribeiro is a PhD Student at the University of Campinas (Unicamp). He can be reached at


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How to Cite

Lins França, I., & Nzinga Ribeiro, B. (2024). Multiple Encounters: Queer Migrants and Bureaucratic Violence. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 39(2), 1–16.

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