Temporary Protection and the Refugee Convention in Australia, Denmark, and Germany
This paper reports on a comparative study of temporary protection (TP) mechanisms in Australia and selected European jurisdictions.Specifically, it analyzes policy developments and trends in the use of TP mechanisms in Denmark, Germany, and Australia through a systematic examination of the evolution of “substitute protection” mechanisms; their implications for “effective protection” and their impacts on key stakeholders.The policy analyses are augmented by interviews and survey questionnaires with key NGO service providers in the three target jurisdictions.The paper argues that the traditional link between Refugee Convention protection and national territorial jurisdiction and responsibility is being undermined by extraterritorial processing and offshoring arrangements.
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