Perceived Discrimination and Poverty among Syrian Refugee Women in Jordan




Discrimination, Poverty, Syria, Jordan, Refugees, Women


The Syrian Civil War displaced millions of Syrian women and children, many of whom face economic challenges and discrimination. This paper examines self-reported poverty and its relationship with perceived discrimination among women, as framed by social exclusion theory. The cross-sectional study included 507 Syrian refugee women visiting health clinics outside camps in Jordan. Consistent with our hypothesis, 79.09% of women reported poverty as a serious problem, and women reporting discrimination were found to have higher odds of reporting poverty as a serious problem post-migration (AOR: 3.489; 95% CI: 1.534, 7.937). Gender-responsive interventions, policy implications, and recommendations are addressed.


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Author Biographies

Jennifer M.K. Hartmann, School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY

Jennifer M. K. Hartmann is a Doctoral Candidate at Columbia University's School of Social Work. She can be reached at

Trena I. Mukherjee, School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY

Trena Mukherjee is a Research Associate at Columbia University. She can be reached at

Maysa Khadra, School of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Dr. Maysa Khadra is an Associate Professor at the University of Jordan at the School of Medicine. She can be reached at

Neeraj Kaushal, School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY

Neeraj Kaushal is a Professor of Social Work at Columbia University and can be reached at

Nabila El-Bassel, School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY

Nabila El-Bassel is a University Professor, Willma and Albert Musher Professor of Social Work, and Director of the Social Intervention Group at Columbia University School of Social Work. She can be reached at

Anindita Dasgupta, School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY

Anindita Dasgupta is an Associate Research Scientist at Columbia University School of Social Work. She can be reached at


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How to Cite

Hartmann, J. M., Mukherjee, T. I., Khadra, M., Kaushal, N., El-Bassel, N., & Dasgupta, A. (2023). Perceived Discrimination and Poverty among Syrian Refugee Women in Jordan. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 39(2), 1–14.

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